Several dozen species and varieties of maples are used in landscaping areas. To make a spectacular hedge, you can plant a low-growing bush maple on the site. In small areas, in rockeries or mini-gardens, trees about 3 meters high are planted. If the area is large enough, the owner can choose large-sized trees with a height of 10 meters or more.
Almost every species was divided by breeders into several varieties, differing in the color of foliage, shoots and bark, crown shape, and trunk height. After consulting with a specialist in a landscape studio, you can pick up and plant a maple tree in the country, which is optimal for it in size and shape.
Preparatory work before planting a tree
Before planting a maple on the site, you need to make sure that the grown tree will not become a problem in the future.
- An open sunny area should be chosen for the tree to get a beautiful lush crown. The spreading maple growing close to the house can greatly shade the premises.
- The second possible inconvenience from the maple is the numerous shoots of its seeds. They are carried by the wind and germinate with pleasure on cultivated soil.
- You can plant a maple in a permanent place on the site at the age of 2-3 years when the tree will show its varietal qualities and become an independent viable organism.
- Maple loves fertile soil. If a sufficient amount of compost is prepared for planting, the question of how to grow a maple strong and healthy will be resolved.
Planting and caring for maple
First of all, you should know when to plant maple trees. Planting and caring for maple begins at least 2-3 weeks before purchasing a tree. A planting hole with a depth of 70 cm is dug under the seedling in advance. The removed soil is mixed with humus. If the soil is dense clay, you should add sand and peat to the planting soil. In areas flooded with groundwater in the pit, drainage from rubble and sand is arranged with a layer of at least 20 cm.
Planting the maple and caring for the seedling on the first day are completed, if necessary, with partial pruning of the branches. In spring and summer, during the period of solar activity, a freshly planted tree should be shaded so that it consumes energy not for evaporation, but the development of roots and shoots. Water the seedling every month with 10 liters of water, and in hot summer — weekly.
In the next few years, young maple will need regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers for active growth. An adult plant tolerates drought well, but if it is watered periodically during the dry period, the crown will be more lush and fresh.
The tree should be regularly inspected for pests and diseases. If infestation is detected, remove damaged leaves and shoots and treat them with insecticides or fungicides.